Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Disease. Show all posts

01 May 2019

Various Recent Advances in Liver Cancer Treatment Methods

Various Recent Advances in Liver Cancer Treatment Methods
Various Recent Advances in Liver Cancer Treatment Methods - Liver cancer is a common type of cancer. Until now, there have only been a number of effective ways to prevent or treat liver cancer. However, many efforts have been made in research on new ways to prevent and treat liver cancer. Scientists work relentlessly to find the cause of liver cancer for prevention better, and doctors work to improve treatment in patients. There has been great progress in liver cancer research.

Treatment of liver cancer

Now there are many ways to treat liver cancer:
  • Life resection: Surgery to remove all or part of the liver
  • Liver transplant: Change the liver
  • Arterial embolization: Seals or blocks blood vessels to the tumor
  • Radiofrequency ablation: A form of tumor ablation (destruction without removing a tumor) that uses heat to destroy tumor cells
  • Alcohol injection: Entering alcohol which is toxic to the tumor through needles. This is used in small tumors
  • Kriotherapy: A form of therapy that uses cold temperatures to kill cancer cells
  • Chemotherapy: Using chemicals to treat cancer
  • Biological therapy: Use agents such as viruses to kill cancer cells
  • Target therapy
  • Care support

Doctors also learn how to make liver cancer more easily removed by shrinking it before surgery. There are already studies of therapies given before surgery, including targeted therapy, chemotherapy, ablation, embolization, and radiation therapy. Preliminary results have been promising but only seen in a small number of patients.

Treatment for cancer also means preventing cancer from recurring after surgery. Most studies that have so far used chemotherapy or chemoembolization after surgery have not proven effective. However, there are new drugs that are promising and perhaps more effective. Some of the drugs studied include the targeted drug sorafenib (Nexavar) and menatetrenone, drugs that are chemically similar to vitamin K. Some positive results have also been seen with radioembolization, but this needs confirmation in a larger study.

Surgery has become the main treatment for liver cancer. New techniques developed to make both partial hepatectomy (lifting parts of the liver) and liver transplantation safer and more effective.

Laparoscopic surgery

In laparoscopic surgery, several small incisions are made in the abdomen. The doctor will insert a special thin long tube to see and cut off the part of liver cancer. Does not require a large incision in the abdomen, which means that there is at least blood loss, less pain after surgery, and faster recovery.

At present, laparoscopic surgery is still considered experimental and is used primarily for small tumors in certain parts of the liver which can be easily achieved through a laparoscope.

Liver transplant

Liver transplant patients must meet many strict criteria. For this reason, only a few patients are liver transplant candidates. Some doctors are now looking for ways to expand these criteria. One study examined the replacement of the liver with slightly larger but still healthy.

Liver transplantation is a major surgery and there is a risk of potentially life-threatening complications. It is estimated that about 1 in every 30 people will die during the procedure and up to 1 in 10 people will die at some point in the following year after surgery.

Liver transplantation may be suitable for you if:
  • You only have a single tumor less than 5cm in diameter
  • You have three or fewer small tumors, each less than 3cm
  • You have responded very well to other treatments, with no evidence of tumor growth for six months

Radiation therapy

The biggest concern for radiation therapy is that it will damage healthy tissue. The researchers are now working to focus on radiation therapy against cancer, so that the surrounding healthy tissue is not affected. One approach that is learned is called brachytherapy. In this treatment, a thin tube called a catheter is placed in the tumor and then the pellets that emit radiation are inserted into the catheter for a short time. After treatment, both pellets and catheters are removed. This allows radiation to be targeted at cancers that are less harmful to the normal liver.

Target therapy

New drugs are being developed that work differently from standard chemotherapy drugs. Newer drugs target certain parts of cancer cells or the surrounding area.

Therapy focuses on blood vessels that supply blood for tumors. The tumor grows by getting a blood supply. A new type of drug, sorafenib (Nexavar), has been used in several types of liver cancer that cannot be removed surgically. This drug works by preventing the growth of new blood vessels in the tumor. Sorafenib is now being studied for use early, such as after surgery or trans-arterial chemoembolization (TACE). Researchers also study whether combining it with chemotherapy can make it more effective.

Regorafenib (Stivarga®) is another targeted and promising drug in treating liver cancer.


Chemotherapy combined with other treatments is being tested in clinical trials. A small number of tumors respond to chemotherapy. However, it has not been shown to extend the survival of patients.

Chemotherapy drugs, such as oxaliplatin, capecitabine, gemcitabine, and docetaxel, are being tested. Oxaliplatin has shown promising results in early studies when combined with doxorubicin. Oxaliplatin combined with gemcitabine and drugs from cetuximab (Erbitux®) targeted therapy have proven effective.

Virus therapy

The latest approach to treatment is the use of a virus, known as JX-594. This is the same virus used to make the smallpox vaccine, but has been changed to only infect abnormal cancer cells and cells. In this treatment, a solution containing the virus is injected into liver cancer. The virus will then enter the cancer cell, which causes these cells to die, or pushes the immune system to attack cells. This treatment has been tested in patients who do not respond well to other treatments and appear promising.

Prevention of liver cancer

An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. It is more effective to stop cancer before it starts. Vaccination and better treatment for liver cancer can prevent about half of liver cancer cases worldwide. Researchers are studying ways to prevent hepatitis C or treat hepatitis infections before they cause liver cancer. Treatment for chronic hepatitis also shows progress.


Scientists recommend using blood tests to detect liver cancer in the early stages rather than using AFP and ultrasound. One promising test is called DKK1.

Determine the risk of recurrence after surgery

After liver surgery, the main concern for everyone involved is the risk of recurrent cancer, which means the cancer will come back. Knowing a person's risk of recurrent cancer can help doctors determine the next follow-up or one of the additional treatments to reduce this risk.

The researchers are studying cells in surgery as samples. They see cell gene patterns near the tumor and are able to predict who has high risk. These initial findings need to be confirmed in other studies before widespread use.

In conclusion, there has been great progress in the field of liver cancer. Prospects are better for people who do liver transplants. Overall, around 75 out of 100 people survive for 5 years or more after this type of surgery.

30 April 2019

Method of Diagnosis in Patients with Liver Cancer

Method of Diagnosis in Patients with Liver Cancer
Method of Diagnosis in Patients with Liver Cancer - Liver cancer is part of the high incidence of disease, but also a big loss! Cancer symptoms and signs of examination for the significance of some signals sent through the body to identify and determine whether cancer is. After you find yourself in a physical disorder in everyday life, you need to go to the hospital for a check-up.

Early detection of liver cancer after treatment, 5-year survival rate can reach 70%, whereas in patients with advanced only half the chance to survive. Therefore, understanding the diagnosis of liver cancer is very important, early detection and early diagnosis are an important part of treatment.

Then what is the method of diagnosing liver cancer?

1. Ultrasound examination: a diagnosis of a valuable liver tumor to show tumor size, shape, and diagnosis rate of up to 84%, can be found in a diameter of 2cm or a smaller lesion. This is a non-invasive examination method, harmless to the human body. When losing weight, fatigue, heartache and other symptoms of liver cancer are suspected, this examination can be done.

2, CT Scan: High-resolution CT, about 1.0cm in diameter can be detected in early liver cancer, the rate of diagnosis of liver cancer is up to 90%, but they are expensive. So don't apply it universally.

3, MRI examination: to increase the rate of detection of small hepatocellular carcinoma, liver and liver cancer while local hyperplastic nodules, liver adenoma and other identification of assistance are greater, can serve as an important complement to CT examination.

4, AFP: Clinically, alpha-fetoprotein is commonly used in the diagnosis of liver cancer, this method is simple and practical

5, selective celiac artery or arterial hepatic angiography: cancerous blood vessels, sometimes can show a diameter of 0.5-1cm of the disease, the level of diagnostic accuracy up to 90%. To determine the location of lesions, size and distribution, especially for the diagnosis of small liver cancer is the best variety of examination methods.

Effective treatment of cancer early diagnosis of liver is a prerequisite condition. With the advancement of medical technology, a comprehensive treatment model that continues to use the therapeutic effects of early HCCs increases significantly. Treatment of liver cancer is primarily to see the deterioration of the patient's condition, to take medication, physically and psychologically, etc. These factors can be regarding the treatment of patients with liver cancer and the time of survival, of course, if at the beginning to take reasonable and effective treatment options, the possibility of long-term survival from the initial HCC is still very large.

29 April 2019

Initial Symptoms that Arise in Patients with Liver Cancer

Initial Symptoms that Arise in Patients with Liver Cancer
Initial Symptoms that Arise in Patients with Liver Cancer - Liver cancer is mainly in the following situations: Working days, eating more fruits and vegetables, less busy with work and entertainment at night, without rest, benches are always boiling and so on. It will appear that liver cancer is actually not far from us.

When symptoms of liver cancer appear, they are often misdiagnosed as other diseases, may be mistaken for abdominal pain, bloating, unwillingness to eat, and some people go to the stomach, it is wrong for cholecystitis. When physical discomfort, the need to carefully distinguish physical symptoms, go to the hospital to make a detailed diagnosis of liver cancer, reduce the possibility of misdiagnosis.

Guangzhou Modern Cancer Hospital experts show that the very typical performance of early liver cancer is often easily overlooked. The following symptoms are for reference:

1. Appetite decreases significantly: fullness of the stomach, indigestion, and sometimes nausea and vomiting. If you suspect that liver problems, ultrasound examination of the liver can be done on body tissues without side effects.

2. Right upper quadrant pain: the liver may have persistent or intermittent pain, and sometimes metastasis and pain are intensified. Heartache requires a CT scan, you can clearly show the size of the heart, number, shape, location, boundary, level of tumor blood supply, and the relationship with the intrahepatic tract.

3. Bleeding: usually nosebleeds, bleeding under the skin.

4. Fatigue, weight loss, unclear fever and edema.

5. Jaundice, ascites, pruritus.

Guangzhou Modern Cancer Hospital experts, some typical symptoms of the development of liver disease only occur when you arrive late, and then surgery often has missed opportunities, so self-examination is usually very important.

When feeling tired, fatigue cannot be sustained remission, it is likely to be a sign of liver disease, chest feeling boring place, or right stomach blunted upper pain sensation, such as feeling of pressure and discomfort, weight loss, if there is an unclear fever and jaundice.

When the above symptoms, do not necessarily suffer from liver cancer, but still go to the hospital for liver cancer as early as possible the relevant examination to determine the condition, related treatment as soon as possible. Early liver cancer to get timely and effective treatment, can greatly extend life span, improve quality of life.

14 April 2019

Reduce Meat Consumption to Maintain Blood Sugar Levels

Reduce Meat Consumption to Maintain Blood Sugar Levels
Reduce Meat Consumption to Maintain Blood Sugar Levels - Diabetics, are required to maintain their diet so that blood glucose levels do not continue to soar. In one study it was mentioned that reducing animal products can help improve glucose control, so that it can keep blood sugar levels more stable. Reducing meat consumption can also help you lose weight.

Maintain blood sugar levels by reducing meat

A recent study states that eating patterns that prioritize vegetable protein provide more benefits.

Over the past few years, people who have chosen to become vegetarians and vegans are increasing. This makes the researchers add evidence that supports the plant-based diet.

In this study, scientists want to find out whether reducing the intake of animal food sources can properly maintain blood sugar levels. As a result, there is scientific evidence that eating meat too often can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Research has also shown that a diet or diet that is rich in vegetables, fruits, nuts, and seeds can reduce the risk of developing this disease.

For this reason, experts now consider that a plant-based diet is the best choice for preventing and controlling diabetes.

Increase vegetable protein to maintain blood sugar

In 2018, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and the American College of Endocrinology release new guidelines. They write that diabetics must try to achieve and maintain optimal weight through a plant-based plan.

A fact shows that people who often consume vegetable protein have fewer complaints of nerve pain (neuropathy) associated with diabetes. Plus, fasting glucose levels drop more sharply, which is a sign of increased glucose control.

It was also noted that there was a decrease in HbA1c levels (the average glucose value for the last few weeks / months), in those who regularly ate foods from vegetable protein. This proves that reducing meat intake can help maintain blood sugar levels.
Benefits of reducing meat consumption

In addition to maintaining blood sugar levels, routine eating foods made from plants also shows good results in weight loss.

There are also a number of other benefits if you make vegetable protein your main source of protein, such as being able to reduce blood fat levels quickly.

Body weight and high levels of fat in the blood are known to be one of the triggers for cardiovascular disease. The disease itself is also known as one of the complications of people with diabetes.

When blood sugar levels are awake, body fat and weight drop, this will make you avoid the complications of diabetes because the process of maintaining blood sugar levels works well.

In the six studies analyzed by researchers, people who followed a plant-based or vegan diet could also stop drinking or reduce the medication they were taking for diabetes or blood pressure. This finding supports previous claims about the physical benefits of a plant-based diet.

Danger of meat consumption in diabetics

Reducing meat can be one way to keep blood sugar levels increasingly proven by the existence of a study.

The study comes from researchers in Finland who analyzed the eating patterns of more than 2,300 men, ages ranging from 42 to 60 years. At first, no participant had type 2 diabetes.

After 19 years, the researchers found that those who ate more animal protein and less vegetable protein had a 35 percent greater risk of developing diabetes. This includes all types of processed and non-processed red meat and white meat.

Not only the original form of meat, other parts of animals, such as innards or tongue, also contribute to diabetes. The study concluded that choosing vegetable protein and eggs can help prevent type 2 diabetes.

Recent research from Harvard University found that people who ate one serving of red meat every day had a 19 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who did not. A small portion of processed red meat, such as hot dogs or two pieces of meat, increases the risk of diabetes by 51 percent.

The study concludes that choosing whole grains, nuts, low-fat milk, fish and poultry rather than red meat is better at keeping blood sugar stable and reducing the risk of diabetes.

Why can meat increase blood sugar?

The exact reason why meat is not too recommended (especially for red meat and processed meat), is not certain. However, researchers believe there are three main components that increase the risk of diabetes, namely:
  • Sodium. This substance can increase blood pressure which can cause insulin resistance.
  • Nitrates in processed meat can increase insulin resistance and damage pancreatic function.
  • Iron found in red meat can cause cell damage and chronic inflammation.

If you have a history of diabetes or are at risk of being affected, avoiding meat can be one way to maintain blood sugar levels so that diabetes stays under control.

The slightest change can mean. Try to reduce it little by little. You can also replace some protein from meat to vegetable protein.

13 April 2019

Can We Recover Completely from a Stroke?

Can We Recover Completely from a Stroke?
Can We Recover Completely from a Stroke? - Even though the treatment period has passed, stroke patients must undergo a recovery phase. This stage is quite time consuming, so to recover from a stroke can not be instant. Then, after undergoing a recovery period, can the patient recover from a stroke?

Can recovery from a stroke cure?

According to the National Stroke Association, 10% of people who suffer a stroke are almost completely cured. However, these people still have disorders that are not too severe as when they suffered a stroke.

While other sufferers still need special care to deal with the disorder. In essence, the possibility of complete recovery is indeed very small. This is because there are still many sufferers who have injuries that interfere with their daily functions.

Supporting factors for stroke recovery are successful

In addition to routinely attending the recovery session, it turns out there are still other supporting factors that make this treatment work.

1. Physical factors

Starting from how severe you have a stroke to what has been affected. This has an important role in stroke recovery, to find out more about what steps to take.

2. Psychological factors

This factor is very important in the recovery process. Do you have the desire of yourself to recover or the motivation is lacking. This greatly affects your participation in this process.

3. Social factors

Apart from yourself, it turns out that enthusiasm and motivation from family and friends are also important. If you have begun to feel tired of undergoing treatment, there will always be people around you who encourage and help with this stroke recovery process.

4. When to start treatment

If you start treatment for an earlier stroke, it is very influential in the recovery process. This is because when we realize earlier, doctors can analyze and most likely can cure it before the stroke spreads to vital parts.

Reduces the risk of stroke recurrence

After you suffer a stroke and try to cure it, the risk for a stroke after recovery is still lurking. However, you can minimize these opportunities, by :

1. A healthier diet

The food and drinks you consume are very influential in the development of your brain. Reduce foods that contain high levels of sugar, saturated fat and salt. This can affect blood pressure and cholesterol in the body. Both of them apparently can reduce the cognitive system of the brain and the ability to think in old age later.

2. Regulates the main factors for stroke

The main factors that interfere with the recovery of stroke are high blood pressure, smoking, and atrial fibrillation. Therefore, avoid things that can trigger all three of these factors so that the chance to recover from a stroke is even greater.

3. Take medication

In addition to a healthy lifestyle and avoiding the main factors of stroke, of course taking drugs regularly is a must to reduce the chances of another stroke.

Other article :
4 Things You Need to Notice If You Want to Return to Work After Stroke
  • Lower blood pressure
  • Control atrial fibrillation
  • Reducing the chance of clots.

In conclusion, stroke recovery takes a very long time and patience is high. If you encounter some difficulties during this process, this is very normal. Not despairing and continuing to believe that you can recover is the key to healing.

11 April 2019

Several Methods for Treating Colon Cancer

Several Methods for Treating Colon Cancer
Several Methods for Treating Colon Cancer - Colon cancer sufferers have a great danger, until now people with colon cancer through methods such as surgery, chemotherapy, cell immunotherapy, etc. improve the life of treatment for colon cancer patients, reduce the impact of colon cancer in patients, make colon cancer patients recover better, help colon cancer patients early to get rid of disease disorders.

Traditional Colon Cancer Treatment Method

1. Operation Method

Treatment of colon cancer begins with cutting surgery, and focuses on a combination of preoperative chemotherapy, radiotherapy and other treatments to increase the percentage of cutting surgery, decrease the rate of recurrence after surgery and increase survival rates.
2. Chemotherapy

About half of colon cancer patients with metastasis and relapse after surgery, in addition to some patients with early stage, advanced patients and cutting surgery patients are asked to undergo chemotherapy. In combination chemotherapy colonic cancer treatment is the exception to an important therapeutic measure for advanced surgical treatment.

(1) Body Intravenous Chemotherapy Program

5-FU-based colon cancer chemotherapy program, with tetrahydrofolate as a regulatory dose to increase the effectiveness of the effect of a 5-FU dose.

(2) Oral Chemotherapy

Colonic cancer oral chemotherapy drugs mainly refer to fluoropyrimidine drugs, after being absorbed once or repeatedly through metabolism into 5-fluorouracil, functioning as an anti-cancer effect. Oral chemotherapy in clinical care has high treatment outcomes, mild side effects, ease of dosage, outpatient treatment, appropriate chemotherapy for elderly tumor patients and families becoming a new trend in the treatment of colon cancer.

New Technology for Treatment of Colon Cancer - Method of Natural Cell Therapy

With the development of medical technology, colon cancer patients have more choices, Natural Cell Therapy methods can greatly reduce the health damage of colon cancer patients. The method of cell immunotherapy is a remarkable achievement in the medical field, for the treatment of tumor diseases that have significant treatment results.

Guangzhou Modern Hospital cancer experts point out that the cell's natural therapy method is based on the immune system, has good differentiation and emphasizes immune cell function, through which immune cells can treat tumor disease, this is what is called the principle "using own cells to treat diseases ". Under normal circumstances, the development of large body tumor cells, suppresses the growth of immune cells, by cultivating immune cells that are maintained, then put back into the body effectively limiting tumor proliferation and metastasis. Due to cancer treatment throughout the body and no significant side effects on the human body, the advantages of treatment that do not have significant pain, and other benefits, the method of cell immunotherapy is currently the most effective and safe therapy.

Advantages of Natural Cell Therapy

The most important treatment method for natural therapy for colon cancer cells is to take the patient's immune cells (DC-CIK), then go through the process outside the body to breed and extract the patient's immune cells, then put them back into the patient's body, thereby regulating immune function the patient's body by increasing cancer fighting ability, the most important thing is that CIK cells can actually kill cancer cells in the body, ultimately achieving the goal of cancer treatment.

The advantages of the cell immunotherapy method are mainly reflected in two aspects

First the method of cell immunotherapy is the whole body, enhancing the patient's immune function, not just the local part. Second, the cell immunotherapy method kills tumor cells, can completely remove cancer cells so as to prevent recurrence and spread.

10 April 2019

6 Ways to Diagnose Colon Cancer

6 Ways to Diagnose Colon Cancer 6 Ways to Diagnose Colon Cancer - The initial symptoms of colorectal cancer, patients are easily ignored, and doctors when they are often "dysentery", "enteritis" and other disease processes. Bowel obstruction can occur once or the abdominal mass is palpable, cancer generally has reached the middle and end. Therefore, the diagnosis of colorectal cancer is very important, the diagnosis can certainly improve the treatment of colorectal cancer.

How many ways to diagnose colon cancer? here are 6 ways to diagnose colon cancer

1. Stool blood test :

Proliferation of large intestinal cancer tissue is usually a small amount of blood flowing blood to the bench will be discarded. Occult fecal blood tests can detect a small number of components of blood in the stool, several blood tests or persistent occult shows positive, then request chronic gastrointestinal bleeding, must be aware of further examination and the presence of digestive tumors.

2. Digital rectal examination : 

The doctor uses the glove after the index finger and applies the lubricating anal area, the index finger is inserted into the rectum to examine the lump.

3. Endoscopy : 

Endoscopy is the most important cancer screening tool, where changes in bowel habits or blood in the stool and rectal examination have abnormal findings, must be sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy.

(1) sigmoidoscopy: Straight type, 30cm longest, comfortable check, biopsy under direct vision, suitable for examining the following parts of sigmoid lesions.

(2) colonoscopy: 120-180cm long, can be bent, can observe the entire intestine, to make electric cut, coagulation and biopsy can detect initial lesions. It is difficult to diagnose a condition check when it can be used for this check. Therefore, if found to have symptoms of suspected colorectal cancer, you must go to the hospital for examination, early detection and early treatment.

4. X-ray examination : 

Including gastrointestinal examination of barium full food and barium enema. For colon cancer patients with barium enema it is appropriate. For smaller lesions can also be found in injecting intestinal gas for double barium contrast gas, check well. X-ray examinations of intestinal morphology can be observed, with or without some polyps and some focus.

5. B-scan, CT or MRI : 

This examination indirectly diagnoses bowel cancer, but the location of the tumor, its size, and the relationship with the surrounding tissue, lymph nodes and liver metastases have some value considerations that can help doctors to treat cancer patients colorectal to develop the best solution.

6. CEA (CEA) : 

Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) has generally been determined to carry out, colorectal cancer is the most important of the examinations. It is generally considered to evaluate the therapeutic effect and the valuable and continuous prognosis of determining serum CEA can be used to observe the effects of surgery or chemotherapy.

30 March 2019

Symptoms of Brain Cancer that Generally Occur in Most People

Symptoms of Brain Cancer that Generally Occur in Most People
Symptoms of Brain Cancer that Generally Occur in Most People - Brain cancer, also called intracranial tumor, includes brain parenchyma in primary brain cancer that experiences metastasis from the brain to other parts of the body from secondary brain cancer

What are the causes of brain cancer?

1. A wave of radiation emitted by cellphones and computers that can increase the role of cancer cells.

2. Research has shown that the occurrence of brain cancer is directly related to the use of pesticide drugs, solvents, dyes and formaldehyde. And also for pregnant women, the use of alcohol or hair dye will increase the risk of children suffering from neuroblastoma.

3. Trauma and collisions are also shown to stimulate brain cancer, meningeal scar tissue can trigger the creation of tumors, traumatic tumors occur mainly on the basis of the dura and arachnoid injury. In addition, existing traumatic brain injury will accelerate the growth of brain tumors.

4. Radiation : radiation exposure is one of the causes of brain cancer.

What are the most common symptoms of cancer?

1. Headache : headache that is often felt at 4:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m., often waking up due to pain, the more deeply the sleep feels pain. Generally the pain is reduced after waking up in the morning at 08.00 - 09.00.
2. Vomiting a lot : different from vomiting caused by digestive diseases. In brain cancer patients, vomiting often begins with a feeling of fullness or fatigue in the stomach, nausea, abdominal pain or diarrhea. And vomiting caused is not related to food eaten, more caused by prolonged headaches and severe vomiting. Vomiting like this is caused by the medulla oblongata nerve which experiences an increase in primary intracranial pressure.

In addition, people with brain cancer also commonly experience seizures, exophthalmos (one prominent eyeball), next to deafness, hemiplegia (side paralysis), unclear speech, difficulty opening the eyelids, diplopia (vision shaded) or difficulty swallowing food, vertigo, imperfect movements are the symptoms most often found in patients with brain cancer.

29 March 2019

4 Other Ways to Treat Cancer If Chemotherapy Is Not Effective

4 Other Ways to Treat Cancer If Chemotherapy Is Not Effective
4 Other Ways to Treat Cancer If Chemotherapy Is Not Effective - Cancer is a deadly non-communicable disease, following the position of heart disease which ranks top. One treatment for patients with this disease is chemotherapy. However, sometimes the success of chemotherapy depends on the condition of each patient. Well, if chemotherapy is deemed ineffective, then patients must undergo other ways to treat cancer.

How to treat cancer if chemotherapy is not effective

Your body consists of millions of cells. Each damaged cell will change with a new cell by itself. But cell development can be abnormal and cause cancer. This deadly disease can attack any body part. So that abnormal cell development does not spread and stop, cancer patients need to take special treatment, such as chemotherapy.

However, cancer cells in the body may not respond to chemotherapy. Maybe the tumor continues to grow and does not shrink, the cancer metastasizes, the symptoms reappear and get worse. If the patient experiences such a situation, it is likely that the patient will be transferred to other cancer treatments, such as

1. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy

This method might be recommended by a doctor if the chemotherapy you are taking is less successful in treating cancer. Radiation therapy relies on radiation to kill cancer cells and reduce tumor size. The way it works is to damage DNA in cancer cells to the extent that the cell can no longer repair itself. The cancer cell will stop giving up and eventually die.

In addition to killing cancer cells, this cancer treatment also has several advantages, such as causing moderate pain, rarely causing hair loss, relatively safe because organ damage near the tumor is very small.

Even so, radiation therapy still has the potential to cause tissue damage around the tumor, treatment is usually carried out for 5 days a week, the cost is quite expensive, and causes nausea, vomiting, red skin accompanied by feeling sore.

2. Immunotherapy (immune therapy)


Some types of cancer do not respond well to radiation or chemotherapy so it is necessary to try immunotherapy as another way to treat cancer. The goal is to increase the body's immune system to fight cancer cells as well as fight infections or foreign pathogens.

The therapeutic methods carried out include the administration of monoclonal antibodies (synthesis antibodies to bind cancer cells), cancer vaccines, adoptive cell transfers (lifting T cells and modifying them), and checkpoint inhibitors (T cell stimulant drugs).

Immunotherapy can increase the success of other cancer treatments. Although it causes coughing, nausea, skin rashes, and fatigue, these side effects are lighter than chemotherapy. It's just that it's still at risk of causing complications in healthy people, such as the lungs, intestines, and kidneys.

3. Hormone therapy

Hormone therapy

If other cancer treatments are not effective, you might be recommended to take hormone therapy. This therapy is usually carried out in patients with prostate cancer or breast cancer that is strongly associated with hormones in the body.

The purpose of this therapy is to keep the production of hormones in the body balanced. This treatment may involve a surgical procedure, such as removal of the ovary or testes accompanied by administration of medication.

This alternative cancer treatment can prevent cancer from metastasizing and reduce the risk of recurrence of cancer after surgery. Unfortunately, this treatment only works on cancer that requires body hormones, causing side effects such as decreased sex drive, impotence, vaginal dryness, and fatigue.

4. Target therapy 

Target therapy

This therapy targets to destroy cancer cells through drugs. Unlike chemotherapy, this cancer treatment does not affect healthy cells around the cancer. This therapy detects certain genetic abnormalities in cancer cells so that it works best when combined with other treatments.

There are various methods used in target therapy to fight cancer, namely:
  • Block or turn off chemical signals that stimulate the growth of cancer cells 
  • Changing proteins in cancer cells so that they kill cells 
  • Prevent cancer cells from triggering new blood vessels 
  • Triggers the body's immune response to destroy cancer cells 
  • Giving toxic substances to cancer cells to destroy them without affecting other healthy cells

Although it targets directly to kill abnormal cells and is thought to be able to treat cancer, this method still has weaknesses. Its weaknesses such as cancer cells become immune to certain drugs, only effective in dealing with tumors with specific genetic mutations, and cause diarrhea, liver problems, and blood clots.

20 March 2019

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Patients with Cervical Cancer

Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Patients with Cervical Cancer - Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that is often found in women, and is the only cancer that has a known cause. Cervical cancer can be caused by the HPV virus, and the HPV virus can be transmitted through physical contact, in more than 10 years incubation period, but cervical cancer can be prevented and can be measured, by understanding the symptoms of cervical cancer, and properly screening and knowing early, with quickly treated.

What are the symptoms of cervical cancer?

1. Associated with cervical erosion

Usually people with cervical cancer are mostly associated with cervical erosion, it can be through pap smear or other tests to diagnose this disease.

2. Contact bleeding 

Contact bleeding is the most typical symptom of cervical cancer, around 70% -80% of patients experience bleeding also in the vaginal part. When after having sexual intercourse or doing a gynecological examination, or straining during bowel movements, from the vagina can come out a mixture of blood mixed with fluid

3. Irregular bleeding in the vagina

For women who have experienced menopause for a long time, and suddenly without any reason experience "cramps". The amount of bleeding is not much, not accompanied by abdominal pain, lumbago and other symptoms, very easily ignored. This is an early symptom of cervical cancer, patients in old age can do a gynecological examination, or through a colposcopy examination to ascertain the disease.

4. Pain

The patient's lower abdomen or waist is often hit by pain, sometimes the pain also attacks the upper abdomen, upper and pelvic legs, during menstruation, defecation, or sexual intercourse, the pain will worsen, especially when inflammation retreats along the uterosacral ligament extending or spreading along the bottom of the ligament, forming chronic inflammation of the parametric connective tissue, when thickening of the main ligament of the cervix, the pain will worsen. Each time touching the cervix, directly causing the iliac fossa, lumbosacral pain, there are some patients who even experience symptoms of nausea, and other symptoms.

5. Vaginal fluid increases

Clinically, about 75% -85% of patients have different stages of secretion, mainly due to tumor stimulation, the function of the secretion of cervical gland hyperthyroidism, producing mucus like vaginal discharge. Abnormal leucorrhoea, including excessive fluids and smells and changing colors, is an early symptom of cervical cancer, can do a pap smear examination or iodine test, and other types of examination.

Common method of diagnosis of cervical cancer

1. Blade cervix cytologic examination (Cervical Pap)

Is the main method for detecting lesions of cervical cancer precursors and early stage cervical cancer. But be careful with the position of the material taken and careful microscopic examination, the false negative level can be 5% -10%, therefore, it must be combined with clinical conditions and carry out periodic examinations, as a method for screening.

2. Iodine

The cervical or vaginal squamous epithelium is normally rich in glycogen, which can be brown after being given iodine fluid, while the columnar epithelial cervix, cervical erosion, and abnormal squamous epithelium (including squamous metaplasia, dysplasia, carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma area) are not glycogen , it is colorless. In the clinical cervix exposed to the vaginal speculum, after wiping the mucus surface, applying iodine solution, to the cervix and fornix, if an abnormal iodine-negative area is found, it can do a biopsy and pathological examination for this area.

3. Biopsy of the cervix and cervical canal

Pap smears in the cervix are more than Class Ⅲ ~ Ⅳ, but if the biopsy of the cervix is ​​negative, at the squamous column junction, the cervix at points 6, 9, 12 and 3: takes four points of biopsy or in the area of ​​colorless iodine tests and suspected cancer sites , take some tissue and excisional biopsy or apply a small curette to scrape the endocervix sent for pathological examination.

4. Colposcopy

Colposcopy cannot directly diagnose carcinoid tumors, but can help choose the location of the biopsy to perform a cervical biopsy. According to statistics, biopsy with the help of colposcopy, the diagnostic accuracy for early cervical cancer can be achieved at around 98%. However, colposcopy is not a substitute for Pap smears and biopsies, nor can it find lesions in the cervical canal. Cancer experts at the Guangzhou Modern Cancer Hospital warn: a diagnosis of cervical cancer can help people to detect cervical cancer in a timely manner, to avoid delays in cancer treatment cervix. 

Treatment of cervical cancer

There are many factors that must be considered before deciding how to treat cervical cancer, including tumor size, age of cervical cancer patients and overall health conditions, as well as stadium and other levels. The level of malignancy of cervical cancer is high, 70% of cervical cancer patients when diagnosed are already at an advanced stage. Cervical cancer treatment includes surgical removal, western-eastern medical collaboration treatment, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and others.

Currently, the most common way to treat cervical cancer is surgery and radiotherapy. Surgery is suitable for early-stage cervical cancer, the preferred operation is radical hysterectomy (surgical removal of the entire uterus), which is to remove the uterus from the vagina and parametric tissue, while simultaneously cleaning bilateral lymph nodes in the pelvis, if there is no pathological changes can be considered not to be appointed. The advantage of treatment with surgery in the case of an early stage is that it is enough to have one surgery to clear cancer lesions, a short treatment period. The disadvantage is the wide scope of appointment, after surgery there may be a disruption in the function of urination in a certain level and other complications, it takes a break and exercise some time just to recover.

Radiotherapy is suitable for cervical cancer in all stages, even advanced cervical cancer. For older people, lack of heart function who cannot undergo surgery, radiotherapy is a very good way to treat cervical cancer. However, radiotherapy has certain complications, the most important of which is radioactive rectum and bladder infection, requiring active treatment and new breaks to recover slowly.

Radioparticle treatment is also one of the effective treatment methods for cervical cancer. Cancer of the cervix is ​​sensitive to radioactive light, early stage or advanced cervical cancer all have fairly good treatment results. Radioparticle treatment is carried out by implanting the radioparticles into the tumor under CT or ultrasound guidance, these particles in the tumor will continue to emit radioactive rays, treat tumors and cut off the pathway to spread the tumor.

From here it can be seen that there are many kinds of ways to treat cervical cancer, cervical cancer patients are expected not to give up first, provided they can work with doctors, choose the right cervical cancer treatment methods for themselves, thus effectively controlling cervical cancer.

13 November 2018

4 Things You Need to Notice If You Want to Return to Work After Stroke

4 Things You Need to Notice If You Want to Return to Work After Stroke - Nearly one third of cases of stroke occur in productive age (less than 65 years). However, returning to work after a stroke might be a bit of a challenge for you. Strokes can cause rapid damage to the brain and leave a number of effects on the body that appear afterwards.

Some of the consequences that may occur after a stroke include blurred vision in one or both eyes, weakness of the body which causes difficulty walking or lifting and carrying weights, to make it less sensitive. All of these impacts can affect how you move. Therefore, first consider the following tips if you want to go back to work after a stroke.

What needs to be considered before you return to work after a stroke :

1. Consult a doctor first

If you were previously a very active person, a stroke recovery period that mostly involves resting at home might make you feel "itchy" wanting to get back on the move. Some people may even experience depression or anxiety when they no longer work.

But before establishing the intention to return to work after a stroke, you certainly have to discuss it with your doctor first. Ask your doctor whether your condition is stable enough to move back. Also ask what work activities you can do with the minimum risk.

2. Ask yourself, am I ready to work again?

If your doctor has given you the green light, then you need to ask yourself - are you really ready to work again?

To help you decide, try asking yourself this:
  • Have you been strong enough to move for a long time (eg gardening or cleaning up your house) 
  • Are you ready for the risk that strokes can occur again as a result of your return to work? 
  • Is your health insurance still able to cover the costs if you have another stroke? 
  • Do you want to return to work full time or part time? 
  • Do you want to go back to the same company, work, and responsibilities or want to try something different?

Remember that there are no right or wrong answers to these questions. You are the one who understands yourself the most, then follow your heart and see also how strong your physical health condition is to move back.

3. Ask for support from your family and office where you work

After you are sure to return to work and your health condition is adequate, now is the time for you to ask for help and support from people around you. Explain to them that you need help to maintain your health after a stroke.

Also tell your office colleagues what to do when you have to help you when you have a recurrent stroke, who to contact during an emergency, or even help you avoid things that can trigger a relapse stroke. Support and cooperation with colleagues in the office is very important when you return to work after a stroke.

4. Don't be disappointed if your work performance decreases

Getting back to work after being sick will certainly feel different from before when you were still fit. Don't get too drawn up thinking about declining work performance. Changes in the brain and body after stroke will certainly affect your productivity in the office. So, you should not expect too high to not be affected by stress.

Stress can increase blood pressure which can trigger your condition worse. Stagnant forces you to work overtime or take on more difficult work before your condition is properly restored.

Often Ignored, Jaw Pain Can Be A Symptoms Of A Heart Attack In Women

Often Ignored, Jaw Pain Can Be A Symptoms Of A Heart Attack In Women
Often Ignored, Jaw Pain Can Be A Symptoms Of A Heart Attack In Women - Heart attacks come, what women feel is different from what men feel. Symptoms of a heart attack in men are usually easier to detect. For example chest pain, excessive sweating, nausea, vomiting, until fainting. On the other hand, most symptoms of a heart attack in women tend to be vague and even have nothing to do with the heart. One of them is marked by a jaw pain that does not heal.

What does the jaw have to do with symptoms of a heart attack?

If all this time you have understood the symptoms of a common heart attack, such as pain in the chest or left arm to faint, you also need to know the signs of a heart attack that is often overlooked. Especially for women, a sign of a heart attack is often mistaken for other minor ailments, one of which is a jaw pain.

Heart attacks occur when oxygen-rich blood flow cannot enter the heart muscle so the heart does not get oxygen. If this is not immediately treated, the heart muscles will be damaged slowly and trigger a heart attack.

When the heart's work is disrupted, the surrounding organs will also be affected. It's not just pain around the heart, it can also cause jaw pain. Why is that?
The nerves in the chest and heart are connected to the neck and jaw. When the heart nerve is disrupted, the nerves that are connected to the neck and jaw will also be problematic.

Jaw pain from a heart attack is usually felt in the lower left jaw. However, the severity can vary from person to person. There are those who experience severe jaw pain, some are just feeling an uncomfortable sensation in the jaw.

How to distinguish a sick jaw from a heart attack and what isn't  

It may seem a little difficult to tell which jaw is due to a heart attack and which is not. However, at least you can try by moving your jaw section.

First, move your jaw to the right and left. If after getting moved the pain gets worse, then the jaw pain that you feel is not caused by a heart attack.

Jaw pain can also be caused due to disruption of the jaw joint. This jaw joint serves to talk, chew, or yawn. So, if you feel a jaw hurt while eating, then this is definitely not caused by a heart attack.

Easily, jaw pain due to a heart attack occurs without cause and does not heal. This is also usually accompanied by other heart attack symptoms.

How do you deal with a sore jaw due to a heart attack?

Even though you have pocketed information about jaw pain, you may still be confused about which ones include symptoms of a heart attack and which ones are not and how to overcome them.

As a first aid, try compressing with ice cubes for 10 minutes to help reduce jaw pain. If the pain does not decrease, then it's time for you to consult a doctor to determine the cause.

Tell your doctor about how severe your jaw is, how long your jaw hurts, and whether there are other symptoms that accompany it. If accompanied by chest pain, shortness of breath, excessive sweating, vomiting, until fainting, then you most likely experience symptoms of a heart attack.

08 November 2018

Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Sugar You Should Beware of

Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Sugar You Should Beware of

Signs and Symptoms of High Blood Sugar You Should Beware of - High blood sugar (hyperglycemia) is not only for diabetic patients. Healthy people or those who have special health conditions other than diabetes that are carried out at any time can experience normal blood disorders from normal limits. Therefore, notice and indication of high blood sugar before getting worse.

Not only diabetics who have high blood sugar

high blood sugar levels

In addition to people with diabetes, hyperglycemia can occur in people who are recovering from a stroke or heart attack.

People who experience severe infections (such as pneumonia or urinary tract infections) or who can cause hyperglycemia.

In addition, people who are taking steroid drugs and diuretics are at increased risk through hyperglycemia.

If it cannot be overcome, hyperglycemia can be done to make the changes that occur.

What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?

Early signs and symptoms of high blood sugar

  • Thirst often often than usual 
  • Easy hungry 
  • Headache 
  • Difficulty 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Frequent removal of small air 
  • Easy to change 
  • Weight loss 
  • Blood sugar more than 180 mg / dL

Signs and promotions

If it's ongoing, hyperglycemia will also give this sign and phenomenon:

  • The healing wound is very slow. 
  • Vision gets worse. 
  • Nerve damage prints cold or insensitive feet and numbness, recommended hairs in the legs. 
  • Constipation

If this sign and dimension occurs, immediately go to the doctor!

Call your doctor immediately or go to the nearest hospital ER if you also report these symptoms:

  • Feel unwell 
  • Stomach pain 
  • Breathe fast 
  • Fever with a temperature of 38 degrees or more for 24 hours 
  • Signs of dehydration, such as headaches, dry skin, faster but weaker heart rate

These facts may indicate that there are more serious complications of hyperglycemia. The doctor and medical team at the hospital can help you overcome this problem.

07 November 2018

Characteristics of Intraductal Papilloma, Benign Tumors in the Breast

Characteristics of Intraductal Papilloma, Benign Tumors in the Breast - When the tumor only grows on large milk ducts, it usually grows near the nipple. The tumor in the form of a small lump is called a solitary intraductal papilloma and can cause discharge from the nipple or bleeding. This type of lump has no problem with the need for higher cancer. Don't know what caused this benign tumor.

Tumors that grow on a channel that is farther away from the nipple usually produce a small set of tumors. Something tumor that makes your breast cancer higher. This condition is called multiple papilloma

Besides intraductal papilloma, there is also a tumor called papillomatosis. This is a condition that shows a normal increase in cells in the canal.

What are the symptoms of intraductal papilloma?

Symptoms or conditions of intraductal papilloma are indeed difficult to recognize. It's important to discuss it with your doctor. Intraductal papilloma can also cause breast enlargement, lumps, or pain, even though the lump cannot be felt.

If the doctor admits there is intraductal papilloma, the doctor can inflame breast ultrasound for the patient. This test is more effective in showing papillomas than mammograms. Other possible tests are also:
  • Breast biopsy to examine tissue for cancer cells 
  • Microscopic examination of the breast to look for cancer cells 
  • Ductograms or X-rays that use color contrasts and are injected into the milk ducts

Treating intraductal papilloma

The standard of treatment for this condition usually involves surgery to remove the papilloma and the affected part of the milk duct. This tissue will then be tested to detect the presence of cancer cells. If a test on the removed tissue shows cancer cells, you may need further action.

What will happen after that?

Surgical removal of intraductal papilloma is usually only done for one papilloma, and the results are almost always good. However, women who have multiple papilloma and women under 35 and are diagnosed with papilloma should consult a doctor. This consultation serves to determine the extent of the increased risk of breast cancer in patients.

Treatment for intraductal papilloma can be frightening for patients, but can provide information about the support community or counselor who can help patients in their treatment.

How can we prevent intraductal papilloma?

There is no specific way to prevent the growth of intraductal papillomas. However, breast detection at home every month, checking your breasts regularly at your doctor, and undergoing a routine mammogram can reduce risk and help you deal with cancer earlier. If there are concerns about breast health, contact your doctor immediately.