What is Weight Loss Surgery and What Types Of Weight Loss Surgery

What is Weight Loss Surgery and What Types Of Weight Loss Surgery
What is Weight Loss Surgery and What Types Of Weight Loss Surgery - Weight loss surgery is a sensitive medical procedure that aims to treat overweight patients who can endanger their lives, also known as weight loss or bariatric surgery. Although this surgery can lead to drastic weight loss, this action is not recommended for patients who want to do it just for beauty purposes, as it can lead to serious risks and complications. This action works by limiting the amount of food the body can consume by removing an abdominal area. This operation is usually performed as a last resort, when other non-surgical and surgical measures can not lose the patient's weight.

Who Needs a Weight Loss Operation and Expected Results

Patients who can undergo weight loss surgery are those who meet the following criteria :

  • Has a body mass index of 40 or more. For women, this means they must have over 80 pounds of weight, while men around 100 pounds.
  • Suffer serious health disorders related to their excess weight, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, gout, respiratory problems, and others.
  • Have tried other ways to lose weight but to no avail.
  • Commit to drastic lifestyle changes after surgery (healthy diet, regular exercise, etc.).
  • Know and understand the risks of weight loss surgery.

Types Of Weight Loss Surgery and How Weight Loss Operations Work

Any type of weight loss surgery will be done with different techniques. Weight loss surgery is divided into three main types of approaches :

Restrictive surgery - As can be understood from its name, this type of weight-loss operation aims to limit the body's ability to eat food; This is done by shrinking the size of the stomach. This operation limits the amount of food the patient can consume, from a normal amount of 3 pints (about 1704 mL) to 2 or 3 ounces. This operation can also slow down the digestion process, so that the patient's satiety can last longer.

Malabsorption surgery - This type of weight loss surgery aims to change the way the body absorbs food. Like restrictive surgery, malabsorption surgery can also shrink the size of the stomach. However, this operation also lifts or bypasses certain parts of the gastrointestinal tract, so this operation can also limit the body's ability to absorb calories. This type of surgery is also known as intestinal bypass.

Installation of electrical devices - This technique is a relatively new technique that works by blocking the nerve signals from the stomach to the brain. The electrical pulses can help the patient withstand hunger.

The type of weight loss surgery is:

Gastric bypass surgery - Gastric bypass is the most common type of weight loss surgery that combines restrictive and malabsorptive techniques. This operation aims to make a shortcut from the top of the stomach to the bottom of the intestine, without having to pass through the inside of the stomach and small intestine. This operation can prevent the body from absorbing too much food nutrients, which can lead to drastic weight loss.

Customized Hull clamping - This operation is a type of weight loss surgery that only uses restrictive techniques. This operation is done by installing a pumping tool that can be pumped and can press the stomach into smaller, so that patients can only consume less amount of food. This operation is usually more desirable because it leads to smaller scars, faster recovery time, and can be canceled; Even when the clamping device has been installed, the patient can ask the doctor to change his position or take it back, if they change their minds. However, weight loss is not too drastic and clamping tools can also be released or leaked.

Sleeve Gastrectomy - One type of restrictive surgery, sleeve gastrectomy is surgery to remove about 75% of the patient's abdomen. The only remaining part of the abdomen is a small tube connected to the intestine. In some cases, this operation can be immediately successful, but there are also patients who re-need surgery after 12-18 months. However, this operation is simple and low-risk surgery, making it the perfect choice for patients who are overweight or suffering from illnesses that can be very harmful to them in other operations. The advantage of this surgery is that it does not affect the gut, so the body can still absorb the nutrients optimally.

Other article : 6 Easy Ways of Meal Planner For Weight Loss and You Can Practice

Possible Complications and Risks of Weight Loss Surgery

All surgical procedures have their own risks, depending on the type of weight-loss surgery the patient undergoes. Malabsorption surgery is known to cause many side effects, so doctors usually do not recommend this action. Stomach clamping is also a risky operation, because it can cause vomiting if the patient eats too much in a short time; Patients also occasionally have to undergo additional surgery to fix a positioning or loosening clamp tool. In addition, all types of weight loss surgery are also at risk of causing infection or blood clots.

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