Monday, November 21, 2016

Here's an Explanation of What it was Liver Cancer, Symptoms and How to Treatment

Here's an Explanation of What it was Liver Cancer, Symptoms and How to Treatment
Here's an Explanation of What it was Liver Cancer, Symptoms and How to Treatment - What is meant by liver cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the liver, including primary and metastatic liver cancers. Liver cancer is one of the malignant tumors are most often encountered in clinical, based on the latest survey, in each year there are 60,000 new patients liver cancer, the incidence of liver cancer is the sixth of a whole list of cancer incidence, mortality rate is on the order three.

Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore country east Asia and southeast Asia or around the areas of the highest incidence of liver cancer, liver cancer patients there are in middle age and older, between the ages of 50-60 are vulnerable age contracted liver cancer. In general, male liver cancer patients is 7- 10 times higher than female liver cancer patients. Decent grateful is in line with the development of medical technology, now has a range of useful treatment method, thereby giving liver cancer patients get new hope.

Factors that cause liver cancer?

Until now, the direct cause of liver cancer is still unclear, but must relate to a variety of factors:

1. Chronic hepatitis: Hepatitis associated with the pathogenesis of liver cancer, the data show that more than 30% of liver cancer patients had a history of chronic hepatitis, hepatitis B is the most common.

2. Cirrhosis of the liver: Medical Observations indicate that about 50% - 90% of cancer patients undergo liver cirrhosis are different, therefore cirrhotic patients should seek treatment immediately and perform checks periodically, in order to anticipate the occurrence of liver cancer.

3. Consuming contaminated water in the long term.

4. Eating moldy food in the long term.

5. Eat foods marinated, fried, smoked in the long term.

Other than that, parasitic diseases (especially those intended is parasitic liver disease), a lot of long-term alcohol consumption, environmental pollution and so on are also a factor contributing to liver cancer.

Symptoms of liver cancer

Symptoms of liver cancer that is often encountered is:

1. significantly decreased appetite, abdominal bloating, digestion is not good, sometimes nausea, vomiting.

2. Abdominal pain upper right, appear the pain continuous or intermittent in the liver area, sometimes changing the body position then the pain increases;

3.Body weak, emaciated, unexplained fever and edema;

4.Appear jaundice, ascites, skin itching and other symptoms;

5.Frequent nosebleeds, bleeding in subcutaneous.

The emergence of liver cancer tend to be hidden, at an early stage are generally not found any symptoms, but when it appeared certain symptoms, liver cancer has entered the stage of medium and late, when it is usually the patient has lost the opportunity to surgery, therefore the general medical check-up very important to do.

Methods of diagnosis of liver cancer

1.Diagnosis Ultrasound: By using ultrasound type B can track the size, shape of the tumor, can find a tumor the size of 2cm or smaller lesions, is one way the most frequently used and effective for diagnosing liver cancer.

2.Radionuclide liver scan: to display the size of the liver tumor, a form that is not normal, but for tumors smaller than 3 cm in diameter is not easily imaged.

3.Examination CT: The level of high resolution, it can detect early-stage liver cancer with approximately 1 cm in size, effectively detect early-stage liver cancer.

4.MRI: extremely high detection sensitivity, can identify benign liver tumor and ferociously.

5.Celiac artery or liver artery angiography: Being able to image the tumors with a size of 0.5-1mm, can determine changes to the site of disease, size, moreover, is very effective against liver #cancer diagnosis placements small.

Examination of blood specimens

If patients want to ascertain whether liver cancer, patients should fast before a blood check, the following is an examination must be performed:

(1) Examination of liver function: dysfunction of liver cancer was found only in patients with advanced stage.

(2) Examination of alpha-fetoprotein: The specificity of tumor markers in the diagnosis of primary liver cancer, one of the best methods for the diagnosis of liver cancer cells specifically.

(3) Serum ferritin: Serologic markers of primary liver cancer is the second.

The division of liver cancer staging

So far the international level is still not there are standardizing the distribution of cancer stage liver, USA implement division TNM staging, T indicates the size of the tumor, N signifies metastatic lymph nodes, M indicates the presence or absence of metastases in other organs, the next will be described in more detail three markers the Indicates.

T1 Indicates tumor size is smaller than 2cm, still have not found metastases to the blood and lymph nodes.

T2 Indicates that although size does not reach 2cm tumor, but the tumor has invaded nearby blood vessels or tumors there are two lumps of magnitude smaller than 2cm, but not the invasion of blood vessels; tumor size greater than 2 cm, but not the invasion of blood vessels are also included in this category.

 T3 Indicates tumor size of more than 2cm, has been the invasion of blood vessels or at the moment there are a few small lumps tumor diameter of not more than 2cm, but it was the invasion of blood vessels or there are one or more tumor lumps with a size of more than 2cm.

T4 Indicates that the tumor on the liver into two lobes or the tumor has invaded the portal vein.

N0 Indicates that there is no lymph node metastasis, N1 indicates metastasis.

M0 Indicates that there is no remote metastases, M1 indicates the distance metastases.

Stage I: T1N0M0 patients included in stage I, which is an early stage.

Stage II: T2N0M0 patients included in stage II.

Stage III: Patients T1N1M0, T2N1M0, T3N1M0 included in stage III.

Stage IVa: T4M0 patients, no remote metastases.

Stage IVb: T4M1 patients, there has been a long-distance metastases.

Methods of treatment of liver cancer

1. Operations: normal liver function and volume removal of no more than 70%; Cirrhosis of the medium is not more than 50% or that can do just left hepatectomy: cirrhotic patients with severe conditions can not perform surgical removal. If the appointment of regularity was replaced with a local appointment then the result will be better.

2.Kemoterapi intervention: Through a catheter, embolic drugs and anti-cancer drugs inserted into the tumor so that the tumor does not get nutrition from the blood vessels, anti-cancer drugs in the area of high concentration of embolization cause tumors shrank or disappeared.

3.Therapy Radiation: How the radiation treatment (also called radiotherapy) is the use of high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells. Planting radio particles affect only the cells cancerous lesions.

4.Traditional Chinese Medicine: traditional Chinese medicine as a whole serves to balance, strengthen the functions of anti-cancer, the consumption method (oral), continuous arterial perfusion Chinese herbal medicine and Chinese herbal medicine atomization absorption, not only can improve the symptoms, such as pain in the liver, inflammation, abdominal distension, ascites, and others, but also serves to control the growth of cancer, does not cause toxic side effects.

Treatment of liver cancer characteristics

Stem cell transplantation therapy. The bone marrow taken from the patient's body, through the separation of stem cells outside the body, purified, developed, managed culturing the new cells, normal, younger, with reinfusion suspension of stem cells into the liver is sick, stem cells live in the liver, differentiate into liver cells, replacing the normal or abnormal cells that have died, making the liver function returned to normal. Liver cancer patients who are not suitable for surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy can apply stem cell transplantation therapy.

Care measures should be considered in daily life

1.Keeping the good spirit of life, build confidence to fight the disease, maintaining physical and spiritual happiness, care for themselves calmly.

2.Must get support from family, irritability liver cancer patients, their families can properly understand and relented.

3.Consumtion food was bland, reduce the consumption of high fat foods, avoid rough fibrous foods.

4.Avoid heavy emphasis on the liver, in order to avoid liver rupture which caused severe bleeding.

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